Language Games
  Language and Meaning


The Austrian born philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein published only two major works during his lifetime. The first of these, called the Tractatus Logico Philosophicus - "A Treatise on Philosohical Logic", or Tractatus for short - heavily influenced the Vienna Circle and the Logical Positivist movement. This is not to say, however, that Wittgenstein was himself a Logical Positivist.

His second work, the Philosophical Investigations, respresents a sort of about-turn and criticism of his own early ideas as expressed in the Tractatus. The main difference between the two works is his view of how language is meaningful. In the Tractatus, Wittgentstein had thought that language possessed an underlying logical structure. This allowed the Logical Positivists to say that statements such as "God is good", since they seem to imply a fact that cannot be verified, are meaningless.