Philosophy of Mind
Introduction Dualism Behaviourism Identity Theory Functionalism Dennett


  Psychophysical Parallelism






Non-Cartesian Dualism
  Further Reading


The dualist viewpoint divides the human being into two substances: matter and mind. This view is, perhaps, the most natural one. The main reasons for this are:

It is suggested by our day-to-day experiences. It is quite common to distinguish between “my body” and “my self”, and our bodies may become injured or ill whilst our minds are active and alert. Our mental experience is also private, reinforcing the feeling that it is somehow separate.

Tradition. Views that spring from folklore, native belief and religion can all influence our views of our self. This is sometimes done consciously – as in the religious doctrine of immortality – or subtly, through language and the way in which we refer to ourselves.